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GLOSSARY OF TERMS

Throughout your care in our office, many medical terms and abbreviations relating to infertility will be used by your care providers. Although you may understand many of the terms already, we are providing definitions for the more frequent terms you may encounter. As always, if you have questions, please seek clarification from your care provider. We are here to provide you with understanding and compassionate care.

Clomiphene Citrate
(or Serophene)
Clomid (Clomiphene Citrate or Serophene) is an oral tablet commonly used to treat ovulatory problems. It acts by signaling the brain to trigger release of the hormones responsible for development and release of the egg.
Fertinex Fertinex is an injectable drug given subcutaneously (SUB Q) or intramuscular (IM). It contains the hormone FSH which is responsible for stimulating follicle growth.
Follistim or Gonal-F Follistim or Gonal-F are drugs given by intramuscular (IM) injection. They contain only purified FSH and are derived from recombinant DNA technology.
HCG Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) is an injectable drug which mimics the LH surge. This injection may be given in place of or in addition to your LH surge to improve the quality of your ovulation.
Hysterosalpingogram (HSG) A special x-ray procedure that is performed to determine if the fallopian tubes are open or if uterine abnormalities exist.
Insemination (IUI) The procedure where either a prepped sample of the husband's sperm (or donor sperm if indicated) is introduced into the woman's uterus at the time of ovulation.
IVF In vitro fertilization involves stimulation of multiple egg development in the woman's ovaries with ovulation-inducing medication, monitoring with sonar and blood tests, followed by transvaginal egg retrieval using mild sedation. Eggs and sperm are combined in the laboratory followed by transfer of 3 to 4 resulting embryos to the woman's uterus through the cervix.
Lupron Lupron is a synthetic analog of naturally occurring gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH). GnRH stimulates the release of FSH and LH which cause follicular maturation and egg release. This, in turn, causes estrogen and Progesterone production in the female. Lupron possesses greater potency than GnRH and inhibits its release. This ceases the production of FSH and LH and, therefore, decreases the estrogen and Progesterone level.
Post-Coital Test (PCT) Samples of cervical mucus are obtained following an LH surge and after intercourse to measure the ability of the sperm to move in the mucous.
Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) PGD involves genetic testing of embryos in couples undergoing in vitro fertilization.
Progesterone Progesterone acts directly on the lining of the uterus to enhance its integrity. This helps prevent uterine contractions and bleeding. It is indicated for a luteal phase defect, a history of spontaneous miscarriages, or episodes of bleeding during pregnancy. It is administered by intramuscular injection, vaginal suppository or vaginal capsule. Progesterone support is routinely prescribed after several types of infertility treatment, such as IVF and gonadotropin therapy.
Repronex Repronex (or Human Menopausal Gonadotropin [HMG]) is an injectable drug used to stimulate ovulation. It contains the hormones FSH and LH which are responsible for stimulating the growth and maturation of ovarian follicle and eggs.
Semen Analysis A semen sample is analyzed in the laboratory to determine the number of sperm present, their motility and structure.
Sonohysterogram (SHG) This procedure is one that is performed in our office by placing a saline liquid into the uterine cavity for evaluation during ultrasound.
Sperm Antibodies Sperm antibodies occur when you or your husband have an allergy to sperm. Antibodies can then be found in the blood or in semen.
Sperm Penetration Assay (SPA)or Hamster Egg Penetration Test (HEPT) A laboratory test which assesses the ability of the sperm to penetrate specially prepared hamster test eggs and correlates with the ability to penetrate human eggs. This is often called the Hamster Test.
Tracking Cycle Several procedures used in conjunction to monitor the reproduction process for a couple. It generally involves using an ovulation monitoring kit to determine when ovulation is likely to occur, followed by an ultrasound scan to detect the egg sac formation after the surge, as well as checking hormonal blood levels. A Post-Coital Test is conducted within 24 hours of a surge.