IN VITRO FERTILIZATION (IVF)
In normal human reproduction an egg is released from a woman's ovary and united with a man's sperm. This union occurs somewhere along the fallopian tube that joins the uterus (womb) to the ovary. During the in vitro fertilization (IVF) process the union (fertilization) occurs in the laboratory after the egg and sperm have been collected from a woman and her husband. The resulting embryo is then transferred to the woman's uterus and implanted there. Once this happens, the natural chain of events in the woman's pregnancy may begin.
In vitro fertilization has been used successfully in human beings for almost
thirty years. It has proven to be an invaluable form of treatment. The IVF procedure has made it possible for some couples to achieve pregnancy where other methods have failed.
Before you begin an IVF program, it is necessary for us to determine if your type of infertility can be treated using the IVF technology.
IVF can be used in cases of:
Data gathered from IVF clinics around the world tell us that today's success rate using IVF techniques and superovulation depends on the quality and number of embryos transferred. In a majority of cases,
two or three embryos will be transferred at one time. We define "success" as a pregnancy resulting in a liveborn child. Unfortunately, there is no guarantee that IVF will be successful -- not in our Program or in any other.
- Infertility associated with tubal damage
- Resistant pelvic endometriosis
- Low sperm counts or no sperm counts
- Unexplained infertility and other select conditions
When you participate in the process of IVF and embryo transfer you will go through six steps:
- A preliminary clinical assessment and evaluation of both wife and husband.
- Stimulating the wife's ovaries to grow multiple eggs.
- Collecting the mature egg(s) and stimulating the wife's endometrium to grow to receive
embryos using the same medication.
- Collecting and preparing sperm from the husband.
- Culture and fertilization in the laboratory and monitoring the early growth of the embryo.
- Transferring the early developing embryo(s) to the wife's uterus.
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IVF ASSESSMENT & PROCEDURES
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